July 14, 2018

Flavonoids are a group of phytochemicals found in plant sources and are one of the reasons why eating fruit and vegetables are so good for you. There are six major subclasses of flavonoids: anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, flavonols (most abundant), flavanones, flavones and isoflavones in the human diet (3).

The term anti-oxidant is likely to be familiar to you but we tend to think of the usual suspects like vitamin C, beta carotene and vitamin E.  Over the last couple of decades there has been growing interest in a smaller group of compounds called flavonoids, of which over 5000 have now been identified (2).

These naturally occurring plant pigments fulfil a similar role in the diet by mopping up free radicals and reducing inflammation, but they also have other effects which go beyond the average anti-oxidant including anti-histamine, anti-microbial, anti-viral, estrogenic (4) and even anti-anxiety and mood enhancing properties (1).  Together with carotenes, they are also responsible for th...

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